London is not the only city to be brought down to the Neath. Four other cities have come before it, all traded to the Bazaar for reasons unknown. Very few wish to consider the possibility of any coming after.
Traces of these former cities can be found, usually through their relics. First City coins, Second City tablets, Third City statues, and those ever-popular Fourth City horsehead figurines. Eager (and persistent) archeologists can find out more about these lost civilizations. The Fourth City is the easiest to learn of by far, as a remnant stands just outside the city: the Forgotten Quarter. The more adventurous zailors of the Sunless Sea may also choose to embark on a voyage to the Khanate, the floating city-state established by Fourth City refugees.
Neathy immortality also means that people from these cities have survived on into London as well, although a majority of their denizens have left for the Tomb Colonies. After all, these cities stretch far back into antiquity. Anybody who could survive that long and still remain a part of Fifth City life is either incredibly wily, powerful, or both.
The First City, date unknownEdit
"Only two things are known to remain of the First City: the name, the Crossroads Shaded By Cedars, and the saying: even the First City was young when Babylon fell."The First City is now generally considered to have been Uruk, in Mesopotamia, after much debate. The remnants of the city live on in Polythreme. It must be assumed that the saying above was accidentally transposed over several hundred/thousand years.
There are three living survivors of the fall of the First City: the manager of the Royal Bethlehem Hotel, who's actually Gilgamesh; Polythreme's King With a Hundred Hearts, aka Enkidu (Gilgamesh's closest friend in the epic, who is now a living statue with a diamond for a heart); and the Capering Relicker, who was the first to brew Hesperidean Cider.
The Second City, circa 1335 BCEEdit
"Never mention the Second City to the Masters of the Bazaar. Mr Wines will look at you narrowly and give you its worst vintage. Mr Cups will fly into a rage. Mr Veils will harangue you for your discourtesy. Mr Iron will say nothing, only write down your name with its left hand."
"Certain of the Masters of the Bazaar - Mr Stones, Mr Apples and Mr Wines, and possibly others - seem to have a particular contempt for Egypt and the Egyptological. Perhaps they're simply reacting to the fashion for the Pharaonic that overcame London before the Descent. But it's unusual that they should care."The Second City was definitely Amarna in ancient Egypt, judging by the snippets above and some interestingly intertwined facts about the Duchess and her family. The remnants of the city may live on in the Iron Republic.
A living survivor of the fall of the Second City is the Duchess (aka Pharaoh Tutankhamun's sister/wife, Ankhesenamun); she orchestrated the fall to save her husband's life. After falling out of favor with the Masters, King Tut was transformed into the Cantigaster. Some of the people of Visage might be descendants of survivors of the fall of this city.
The Third City, 800s-900s CEEdit
"No-one talks much about the cities that preceded London. The Third City seems to have been acquired a thousand years ago. It had five wells, they say. And the weather was better."It is generally accepted that the Third City was the Mayan settlement of Hopelchen (whose name literally means "five wells"), though some have proposed that it could be the more well-known city of Chichen Itza. The remnants of the city live on in the Elder Continent.
There are a handful of living survivors of the fall of the Third City: the supposed tomb-colonist Feducci, the Presbyter on the Elder Continent, and the God-Eaters, for example. It is unknown whose life was saved in exchange for the city, though Mr Eaten (whom the other Masters hated anyway) might have been sacrificed as payment for the city. (Regardless of why, Mr Eaten was certainly nearly destroyed. Little remains of it. Said remains should not be discussed by any sane individual.)
The Fourth City, 1388Edit
"Who carves horse-head amulets out of bone? Whoever lived in the Fourth City. If all the Fourth City amulets on sale are real, they must really have liked horses."The identity of the Fourth City has been conclusively proven in The Silver Tree (a standalone Storynexus game about the Fourth City) to be Karakorum, once a major Mongol city.
A living survivor of the fall of the Fourth City is the Gracious Widow (who is the daughter of Mongke Khan, and whose real name is Shirin). She likely orchestrated the fall to save the Once-Dashing Smuggler's life (he is now a tomb-colonist). However, it's possible that the Khan made the deal to save his city out of love.
The Fifth City, 1861Edit
"The city around the Bazaar is called the Fifth City because, they say, it's not the first the Bazaar chose as a home. You can still turn up bricks from the older cities, now and then. Look: here's one marked with an eye."
There are numerous living survivors of the fall of London. It is widely known that Queen Victoria (the Traitor Empress) arranged the Fall to save Prince Albert (the Consort)'s life. Already the Consort seems rather wan, and something else has already befallen the royal family...
The Sixth City?Edit
It was hinted in the July 2015 Exceptional Story, "Lost in Reflections," that Paris could be the Sixth City. The hints are compounded by the visions in the Temple Club. Well, that makes sense. After all, Paris is the City of Love.
Some content from NiteBrite/Mrs. Brite; most information from http://community.failbettergames.com/topic23-fallen-cities-a-great-many-spoilers.aspx.